Dictionary : Sanskrit and Lexicography
Salient features of the Encyclopaedic Dictionary

The Encyclopaedia traces the linguistic development of Sanskrit words from the ancient text of Ṛgveda to the latest work of Hāsyārṇava(1850 A.D.). It provides the detailed linguistic /phonetic changes that have occurred in various words and their derivations. Also the Deccan College Encyclopaedia traces the semantic development of various words. It provides the entire range of meanings prevalent in the Vedas and other texts. The meanings are logically analyzed and various nuances and shades are interlinked. The Encyclopaedia is based on the Historical Principles. It arranges the words and their meanings strictly following the chronological order of their references. It records all the available vocables in the language from all its periods beginning with the Ṛgveda to the end of the 19th century. Different meanings are arranged historically and under each meaning the citations are arranged chronologically to clarify the meaning, along with an indication of the discipline from which they are taken and a precise mode of reference. The Encyclopaedia provides information regarding the exact form of the vocables as a guide; the part of the speech of the word to which it belongs; accent; etymology of the word, origin, derivation and the development in Indo-Aryan; it records important and irregular forms; it gives traditional information regarding the vocable from Sanskrit itself; summary of meanings; analysis of meaning; peculiarities of usage and idiomatic expressions. Also the encyclopaedia provides information regarding culture, history, archaeology, mythology, geography, indication of compound formations. Also it enters the vocables following the concepts of homonymy, synonymy, polysemy and hyponymy among words.


The Scriptorium, which houses the ten million slips, is the heart of the Sanskrit Dictionary. The Dictionary is based on an entirely new reading of the original texts and a fresh extraction of the material from 1500 books covering the entire gamut of Sanskrit Literature. Many eminent scholars and traditional Pandits during 1948 to 1973 contributed to the preparation of the Scriptorium which houses over one crore slips. Ten million vocables from the corpus are recorded in these slips. Each slip records the exact vocable, grammatical category, citation to attest the vocable, Śāstrī gloss or commentary if any, abbreviation of the book, exact reference or page-line, date of the text and names of persons who have compiled and checked the slips. There is also some distinction in the colour and shape of the slip. The pink and pale green slips record the vocables from Kośas and from previous Dictionaries respectively. Slips smaller in size are used for the vocables in Epigraphia Indica. After the extraction, the slips were arranged alphabetically and then the cards recording the vocable at the left upper corner and serial number on the right upper corner were added to the respective group of slips.


From 1973 editing of the Encyclopaedic Dictionary began and in 1976 the first Part of the Dictionary was published. Eleven volumes have been published till date consisting of 5408 pages, dictionary entries from अ to अप्रमाणसमाधिचर्या

List of General Editors
Prof.S.M.Katre 1948-1972
Prof.A.M.Ghatage 1972-1983
Prof.K.P.Jog 1983-1987
Prof.S.D.Joshi 1987-1993
Prof.(Mrs.) V.S.Gandhe 1993-1994
Prof.H.G.Ranade 1995-1997
Prof.V.P.Bhatta 1997-2010
Prof.(Mrs.) J.D.Sathe 2010-2017
Dr. Prasad Joshi 2017 onwards

© 2020, Deccan College Post Graduate and Research Institute, Pune | Pageviews : Visitors Counter (from 1 March 2016)
Design and Developed by: Torna Informatics